When one hears the term “investing” the first thought that leaps into most people’s minds is the scene at a stock exchange firm. Most young people cringe at even the thought of investments as they assume they are meant for the wealthy, or for much older people who are further along in their career.
This could not be further from the truth.
If you’ve considered living your financial life responsibly, investing is the best way to grow your money, and most types of investments are accessible virtually to anyone and everyone, regardless of age, income, or career level. However, it’s important to note that these factors will influence the kind of investment you choose.
Here are some of the best investments anyone from any walk of life should consider engaging in. Keep in mind that lower risk generally means lower returns.
Bonds sound complicated, but they really aren’t. To break this down in layman’s terms, a bond is basically a loan that either a private sector or the government takes from investors when they need to raise funds for a particular project such as building a major road or a library.
The lender agrees to make interest payments to the investor in exchange for these loans. Bond investors usually receive periodic payments based on the interest rate at which the bond was bought.
Once the bond matures, the principal amount (i.e. the amount invested) is paid back to the investor.
Here’s how a bond works: say you buy a 20-year bond worth Ksh. 100,000 at an interest rate of 12%. For the first half of the 20-year tenure (i.e. the first 10 years), you will receive two installments of 6% each every six months, which in this case will be Ksh. 6,000. At the end of the first half, you will receive half of your investment back, i.e. Ksh. 50,000.
For the remaining 10 years, you will continue to earn an interest of 12% per year on the remaining investment, which is Ksh. 50,000. So you will earn Ksh. 3,000 every six months.
At the end of the 20 years, you will have earned Ksh. 180,000, which is almost 2x the initial investment that you put in.
Advantages of a bond:
- Higher interest rates
- Regular payouts, every 6 months
- Safe investment choice, the Kenyan government has never defaulted on a loan
- In case of an emergency, you can sell the bond at any time in the secondary market
- If you buy an infrastructure bond, you do not need to pay any taxes!
Disadvantages of a bond:
- Very long term; you have to lock away your money for a long period of time to reap the benefits
- Bonds are not capital protected
- High minimal investment of Ksh. 50,000 for a fixed coupon and Ksh. 100,000 for an infrastructure bond
Want to buy a treasury bond today? You can start here.
This is simply where you put your money in a bank for a fixed period and then you receive an interest rate. Banks offer fixed deposits for 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. During this period, you don’t have access to your money. If you withdraw your money prematurely, you risk facing a penalty.
The interest rates vary with the different banks. Right now the Kenyan bank's fixed-rate ranges from 5% to 9%.
Returns are generally low but if you’re a low-risk kind of person this is a secure option for you.
Advantages of a fixed deposit
Fixed deposits are customizable. There’s no specific upper limit you can put into your FD. Disadvantages of a fixed deposit:
Just like the corporate bonds, in this type of investment, you lend companies money for a short-term project. Most of the time it’s a year long.
Due to the high risk presented by this investment, it’s important to understand the company you’ll be lending to, what they’ll be doing with the money, and the likelihood that you’ll get it back.
Advantages of investing in commercial papers
Disadvantages of investing in commercial papers
Whether you are starting off your savings journey or are a pro saver, Koa is the right option for you. With Koa, you can save towards your different financial goals (or just save in general) and start earning interest on your savings on a daily basis! Plus, your interest is compounded so you can literally watch your money grow without having to do much at all!
Advantages of saving on Koa:
Disadvantages of saving on Koa
Saving on Koa means opening the door to your financial freedom and you deserve it. Start saving today!
Ownership investments involve stocks, real estate, and precious metals. This is one of the most popular types of investments right now in Kenya, but also the riskiest as it is very difficult to predict market conditions
Though traditionally this was reserved for the wealthy, with the growth of the market in Kenya, you can now invest in possible sums through, Real Estate Investment Trusts or REITs.
The best part about a REIT investment is that you can exit your investment depending on the terms.
But even with this investment, you need to shine your eyes. Never make a blind investment. Do your research extensively.
Advantages of investing in an ownership
Disadvantages of investing in an ownership
Now that you are well versed in the different types of investment options available, you need to assess which one is right for you. Stay tuned for our article next week on How to Pick the Right Investment Option for You!